Engineering – All Time Paying Careers
Engineering offers lucrative careers in our country & around the globe. Technology has tremendous impact on our daily lives and demand for Engineers will remain high in the decades to come.
SCOPE OF VARIOUS ENGINEERING BRANCHES
Aeronautical Engineering: Aerospace engineers are concerned with the design, analysis, construction, development, testing and manufacture of commercial and military aircraft, missiles and spacecraft. Besides airlines, Employments are in organizations such as HAL, DRDO labs, National Aeronautical Lab, Aeronautical Development Establishment & Civil Aviation Department.
Architecture / Planning: The profession of architectural engineering includes practicing engineers designing, managing and constructing mechanical, electrical or structural systems for buildings. Scope: Various Construction and real state corporate houses, government real state townships development projects, freelance career as an Architect.
Chemical & Bio-Engineering: Bio-chemical engineering has two central domains: (i) processing of biological materials and (ii) processing using biological agents as living cells, enzymes or antibodies. Biochemical engineering is an interdisciplinary field: (i) it requires integrated knowledge of governing biological properties (ii) chemical engineering methodology and strategies. This branch captures the information and technologies from both areas and accomplishes new synthesis for bio process design, operation, analysis and optimization.
Bioinformatics : Bioinformatics is an engineering discipline at the convergence of computing and the life sciences aimed at development of technologies for storing, extraction, organizing, analyzing, interpreting and utilizing the information being generated. Major Employers : Specialized bioinformatics companies. Pharmaceutical and biotech companies employing bio informatics technology in all the stages of the drug discovery process.
Biotechnology / Bioengineering / Ind. Biotechnology : Biotechnology is the industrial and pharmaceutical application of cell and molecular biology. It is a major growth industry worldwide in medicine, agriculture, horticulture, forensic science and microbiology. Applied biotechnology involves introducing new genes into organisms, breeding organisms to form new variants or treating organisms with specific compounds.
Chemical Engineering/ Polymer Engineering/Polymer Technology: Chemical engineering applies principles of chemistry and physics to the design and production of materials that undergo chemical changes during their manufacture. Chemical engineer also participates in efforts to maintain a clean environment and to create substitutes for or find ways to preserve our natural resources. Opportunities are in: Petroleum refining, fertilizer technology, processing of food and agricultural products, synthetic food, petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, coal and mineral based industries, Pollution Control.
Civil Engineering: Civil engineering is the oldest branch of engineering and incorporates the design and construction of roads, airports, tunnels, bridges, water supply and sewage systems, dams harbors, railroad systems, docks, power supply systems, building and even nuclear power plants.
Computer Science and Engineering: This course is concerned with theoretical and engineering aspects of computer architecture, system and application software, computer networks, VLSI, internet technology and applications. Also programming, algorithm design and analysis, formal languages and automata theory, and theoretical computer science.
Electrical & Electronics Engineering: Electrical Engineers work with equipment that produce and distribute electricity such as generators, transmission lines, transformers, lighting and wiring in buildings. In fact, electrical engineers are involved in the practical application of electrical energy.
Some of the specialized courses in Electrical Engineering are: Applied Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation.
Information Technology Management: Information technology/ (IT) is an evolving interdisciplinary field Communication and Internet based technologies and has tremendous impact on our daily lives. The development, utilization, inter-relation and technologies and has tremendous impact on our daily lives. The development, utilization, inter-relation and confluence of computers, networking, telecommunication, business and technology management in the context of the global internet. Demand for IT professionals will remain high in the decades to come.
Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical engineering applies the principles of mechanics and energy to the design of machines and devices. Concerned with the design, operation and maintenance of machines, their components, machine tools, manufacturing systems and processes. Mechanical engineering is generally combined into three broad areas: energy, structures and motion in mechanical systems, and manufacturing.
Other specializations related to Mechanical Engineering are: Industrial Engineering, Production and industrial Engineering, Production Engineering etc.
Mining Engineering: The mining curriculum combines basic engineering subjects in geology and essential courses in mining to prepare graduates to discover evaluate and develop mineral deposits. Graduates of the program design, operate, manage and reclaim mines and mining facilities in a profitable, safe and environmentally responsible manner.
Textile Technology: Textile engineering combines the principles of engineering with specific knowledge of textile equipment and processes. Textile engineers design, research, develops and implements automated systems for fiber production, handling and utilization.
Marine Engineering: Marine Engineering deals with design, fabrication maintenance of ships, submarines, and other related equipments. Jobs are available in Navy, Merchant navy and some of the Public Sector undertaking.
Ocean Engineering: The goal of Ocean Engineering is to develop the knowledge and technology to foster and enable the wise and effective use, development, and preservation of the ocean, its natural resources and environment, energy, food, minerals, and transportation.
Ceramic Engineering : The multibillion-dollar ceramic industry converts processed materials and raw materials taken directly from the earth (clay, sand, etc.) into useful products like spark plugs, glass, electronic components, nuclear materials, abrasives, rocket components, and even tableware. Opportunities are in: Building space shuttles, producing ceramic teeth, bones and joints, making ultra fast computer systems, in optic fiber cables etc.
Metallurgical/Materials Engineering: Metallurgical engineers are employed in every industry and enterprise that produces, buys, sells refines or manufactures metals or metallic products. Opportunities are in: Research Institutions / Heavy Steel Plants / Laboratories where search is on for new materials, space technology, Automobile Industry.
Food Processing/Preservation Engineering: Processed, ready to eat food products, tinned or packed food are the examples of this technology. Food Science and Technology is the Application of Science, Technology and Engineering to the Production, Marketing, Distribution and Utilization of Foods. Major Employers: Amul, Nestle, Pepsi Co., Cadbury and many other Indian and Overseas Companies.
There are many institutes in our country which provide world class education in engineering. Prominent among them are
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – These are institution of national importance. Presently there are 23 IITs located at –
9. Gandhi Nagar
National Institute of Technology (NIT) – Comprising 31 autonomous institutes, they are located in each major state/territory of India. In 2007 government declared these schools as institutes of national importance. They are located at
21. Arunachal Pradesh
31. Andhra Pradesh
Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) – These are institutes focused on information technology. Established by Indian government, they are located at
4. Kancheepuram &
More IIITs have been established under PPP(Pubilc Private Partnership) model at
International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) – Located at Hyderabad, It is a famous Autonomous instituteestablished in 1998.
Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS) – BITS is highest ranked private engineering college in the country. Itenjoys a very high reputation world wide. Its campuses are at Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad & Dubai.